King's Evangelical Divinity School

7 December 2019

Updated Church and Israel Bibliography

Here's a list of titles I consider useful for anyone interested in exploring the relationship between the Church and Israel/the Jewish people. I add new items from time to time son this bibliography will continue to grow.

Broadly Nonsupersessionist or Christian Zionist

Scott Bader-Saye, Church and Israel After Christendon: The Politics of Election (Eugene, Oregon: Wipe and Stock, 1999).

Colin Barnes, They Conspire Against Your People: The European Churches and the Holocaust (Broadstairs: King's Divinity Press, 2014).

Darrel L. Bock and Mitch Glaser, eds. Israel, the Church, and the Middle East: A Biblical Response to the Current Crisis (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Kregel Publications, 2018).

Darrel L. Bock and Mitch Glaser, eds. The People, The Land, and the Future of Israel (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Kregel Publications, 2014).

Ronald Diprose, Israel and the Church: The Origins and Effects of Replacement Theology (Waynesboro, Georgia: Authentic Media, 2004).

Barry Horner, Future Israel: Why Christian Anti-Judaism must be challenged (Nashville: Broadman and Holman, 2007).

Gerald R. McDermott, ed. The New Christian Zionism: Fresh Perspectives on Israel and the Land (Downers Grove, Illinois: InterVarsity Press, 2016).

Calvin L. Smith, ed. The Jews, Modern Israel and the New Supercessionism: New Revised and Expanded Edition (Broadstairs: King's Divinity Press, 2013). 

R. Kendal Soulen, The God of Israel and Christian Theology (Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 1996).

David W. Torrance and George Taylor, eds. Israel, God’s Servant (Milton Keynes: Paternoster, 2007). 

Michael Vlach, Has the Church Replaced Israel? A Theological Evaluation (Nashville: Broadman and Holdman: 2010).


Paul Wilkinson, For Zion’s Sake: Christian Zionism and the Role of John Nelson Darby (Milton Keynes: Paternoster, 2007).

Critical of Christian Zionism and/or Israel


Naim Ateek and Michael Prior, eds. Holy Land, Hollow Jubilee: God, Justice and the Palestinians (London: Melisende, 1999).

Colin Chapman, Whose Promised Land? (Oxford: Lion, 1983, 2002).

Victoria Clark, Allies for Armageddon: The Rise of Christian Zionism (New Haven: Yale 2007).



Stephen Sizer,Christian Zionism: Road-map to Armageddon? (Leicester: InterVarsity Press, 2006). 

Timothy Weber, On the Road to Armageddon: How Evangelicals Became Israel's Best Friend (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker 2004).

Other Related Works (including Messianic Studies)


Darrell Bock and Mitch Glaser, eds. To the Jew First: The Case for Jewish Evangelism in Scripture and History (Grand Rapids, MI: Kregel, 2008).

Jacques B. Doukhan, Israel and the Church: Two Voices for the Same God (Peabody, Massachusetts: Hendrickson, 2004).

Richard Harvey, Mapping Messianic Jewish Theology: A Constructive Approach (Milton Keynes: Paternoster, 2009).

Mark. S. Kinzer, Post-Missionary Messianic Judaism: Redefining Christian Engagement with the Jewish People (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Brazos Press, 2005).

David Rudolph and Joel Willitts, Introduction to Messianic Judaism: Its Ecclesial Context and Biblical Foundations (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan, 2013).

Marvin R. Wilson, Our Father Abraham: Jewish Roots of the Christian Faith (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eermands, 1989).

Peter Ochs, Another Reformation: Postliberal Christianity and the Jews (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker/Brazos, 2011).

Historical Studies

(NB Most of the publications here draw upon historical material and insights. However, the items listed in this section focus primarily upon historical research rather than theological or political enquiry and opinion.)

Edward H. Flannery, The Anguish of the Jews (New York: Stimulus, 1999).

Donald M. Lewis, The Origins of Christian Zionism: Lord Shaftesbury and Evangelical Support for a Jewish Homeland (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014).

Some Other Useful Titles


(eg exploring the historical Jewish presence in the land, Zionism and Mandate Period, Palestinian religion and politics)

Arnold Blumberg, Zion Before Zionism, 1838-1880 (Jerusalem: Devora, 2007).

Hillel Cohen, Army of Shadows (University of California Press, 2008).

Moshe Gil, A History of Palestine, 634-1099 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997).

Raphael Israel, Green Crescent Over Nazareth: The Displacement of Christians by Muslims in the Holy Land (London: Frank Cass, 2002).

Loren D. Lybarger, Identity and Religion in Palestine: The Struggle Between Islamism and Secularism in the Occupied Territories (Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2007).

Ray A. Pritz, Nazarene Jewish Christianity: From the End of the New Testament Period Until Its Disappearance in the Fourth Century (Jerusalem: Magnes Press, Hebrew University, 1992).

643 comments:

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Anonymous said...

The website bible.ca while admitting that it Believes in Replacement Theology and repeating the same false arguments for Replacement Theology , bible.ca is actually Pro-Israel and says on it's website:
"DON'T CALL US ANTI-SEMENTIC
The vast majority of churches believe and teach "replacement theology". Churches that oppose "replacement theology" including John Hagee, are in the minority. Those who believe in Replacement Theology love the state of Israel and are among her strongest supporters! Just because we do not feel modern Israel is any more special in the eyes of God than Canada or the USA, we defend and support the only democracy in the Middle east and consider Israel our primary ally in the world of Islamic Nuclear Jihad and terrorism. We believe that Israel was granted legal title to the historic promised land through the Balfour Declaration (1917) and the League of Nations "Mandate for Palestine" of December 1922. We believe that "Palestinians" is a fictitious title for a "people" that never existed in history, except for the nation from which it owes its origin: Philistines (ie. Goliath) who are a long extinct nation. We do not believe Israel is an occupier or "Apartheid State". We are neither "far-left" or "progressive" and condemn "Israel Apartheid Week" as a delusional pack of lies. We do not believe Israel is a "cursed nation". We oppose those who boycott Israel and prefer Israeli made products over anything made in Muslim countries because of their high quality. In fact, we admire and applaud how well Israel treats those in Gaza and the West Bank, given the number of terrorist attacks Muslims launch upon the peace loving, hard-working civilian Jewish population. We reject the "two state solution" of Dividing Israel up into a militarily indefensible nation because the Koran is the problem. Those living in the West Bank and Gaza Strip already have the "two state solution" provided for in the "Mandate for Palestine"… the entire nation of "Jordan"! SO DON'T CALL US ANTI-SEMETIC. It makes you look dumb and uninformed. Like all Christians we believe all Jews, Muslims and unbelievers are lost until they believe Jesus rose from the dead, repented and are immersed in water for the remission of their sins… and by the way, Jesus was a Jew NOT a Palestinian. Jesus was born a Jew and lived as a Jew, keeping the Law of Moses perfect and sinless. IT ANGERS US THAT JEWS REFUSE TO ACTUALLY READ THE NEW TESTAMENT. But we still love Israel and support her as a democratic nation!"

Anonymous said...

An online article said in part Against Replacement Theology and in Support of Israel that
"Psalm 105 says that God does not break covenant, nor alter the word that has gone out of His mouth, therefore, the descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob would receive the promises made to them. It is because of these scriptures that the disciples asked Jesus if He was going to “restore the kingdom to Israel now” in Acts 1:6. He simply said the time was not for them to know, clearly indicating that it would happen in God’s timing. In Luke 21, Jesus said that Jerusalem would once again be under Jewish sovereignty and put it in an eschatological context."

Anonymous said...

jerusalemjournal.net has an article headlined
"CONDEMNING THE JEWISH STATE IN JESUS' NAME, THEOLOGIAN GARY BURGE IS MAKING A COMEBACK .".by Dexter Van Zile
Written by Dexter Van Zile
Friday, December 15, 2017

Anonymous said...

jewishroots.net has an article headlined
"Why Christians Should Be Zionists"

Anonymous said...

jcpa.org has an article headlined:
"Mainline American Christian “Peacemakers” against Israel"
by Dexter Van Zile, November 5, 2009

Anonymous said...

www.oklahoman.com has an article headlined
"Wanted: A Mideast conference that promotes peace, not hate"
By Rabbis Abraham Cooper and Yitzchok Alderstein on
August 11, 2018

Anonymous said...

ffoz.org has an article headlined
"Getting to the Heart of Replacement Theology"

Many Christians who champion the cause of fighting replacement theology still have “replacement-type” ideas.

BY RYAN LAMBERT APRIL 24, 2017 The Full Article is online

Anonymous said...

messianicassociation.org has an article
headlined
"WE BELIEVE:

CONCERNING ISRAEL

Part 2: THE CHOSENNESS OF ISRAEL
by Norman Manzon"

Anonymous said...

Also from
messianicassociation.org an article is headlined
"WE BELIEVE:

CONCERNING ISRAEL

Part 3: CONTRARY CLAIMS, part 2

by Norman Manzon"

7. For the overseer must. . . 9. [hold] fast the faithful word which is in accordance with the teaching, so that he will be able
both to exhort in sound doctrine and to refute those who contradict. - Titus 1:7,9

*

TABLE OF CONTENTS
* Each item is linked for your convenience *

INTRODUCTION
RELEVANT SECTIONS OF THE AMC STATEMENT ON ISRAEL
III. CONTRARY CLAIMS
B. CONCEPTS AND SCRIPTURES IN QUESTION
(Continued from Shofar 23, III. B.)
6. GALATIANS 3:6-9,29
7. GALATIANS 6:15-16
8. PHILIPPIANS 3:3
9. HEBREWS 12:22-24
10. 1 PETER 2:9-10
C. CONCLUSION
D. TWO COROLLARY QUESTIONS
1. "DO YOU BELIEVE THAT BECAUSE YOU'RE JEWISH?"
2. THE POETIC USE OF "ISRAEL" AS THE CHURCH

E. THE EPHRAIMITE OR TWO-HOUSE DOCTRINE
1. ITS MOST DANGEROUS ASPECT
2. DANGERS OF THE DOCTRINE OVERALL
3. REFUTATION
a. Gentiles Were Saved Before the Cross
b. Evidences from Zechariah 8
c. No Apostolic Mention or Explanation
d. The New Testament Distinguishes Between Church Age Jewish and Gentile Believers
e. Key Terms in the Greek
f. James' Application of Amos 9:11-12 in Acts 15
4. CONCLUSION AND COMMENT
5. THE AMC STATEMENT ON THE TWO-HOUSE/EPHRAIMITE DOCTRINE
ENDNOTES" The Full Article is online

Anonymous said...


lightofzion.org has a good article Headlined
"Why Still Care About Israel?"

Anonymous said...

bibleabookoftruth.com has a good article
"Errors Of Christian Palestinianism"

Anonymous said...

amos37.com has an article headlined
"What is Christian Palestinianism?"
Posted by Josh Toupos

Anonymous said...

zeteo316.com has an article headlined
"On Thralls and Palestinianism"
AUGUST 23, 2018 BY ALF CENGIA about the Evils, Wickedness and Lies of Christian Palestinianism

Anonymous said...

blogs.timesofisrael.com has an article by
Oliver Jack Melnick
headlined
"The Six Dangers of Christian Palestinianism"
March 25, 2015,

Anonymous said...

blogs.timesofisrael.com has an article by Oliver Jack Melnick headlined
"Jesus the Palestinian…Really?"
APRIL 2, 2021,

Anonymous said...

israelnationalnews.com has an article headlined
"Season of Good Will - But Not Towards Israel"

Christian Palestinianism is “an inverted mirror image of Christian Zionism,” an historical and moral travesty which is entirely self-defeating for Christians.
Richard Mather, View from UK
Dec 22, 2012, The Full article is online

Anonymous said...

ifcj.org has an article headlined
"Demonizing the Children of Israel" by
Yael Eckstein | September 13, 2022

Anonymous said...

israelanswers.com has an article headlined
"DANGEROUS TRENDS IN CHRISTIANITY TODAY"

Anonymous said...

www.firstthings.com has an article headlined
"Singling Out Israel Isn't Christian" by William Doino Jr.
Oct 26, 2010

teempade04 said...

Thanks for the post and effort! Please keep sharing more such blog.

Anonymous said...

teempade04 , Anytime

Anonymous said...

reconciliationoutreach.net
has a good article headlined
"Eight Reasons Why Every Christian Should Stand With Israel"

Anonymous said...

firmisrael.org has an article headlined
"8 Biblical Reasons to Stand with Israel Today"
BY JACK HAYFORD on
FEBRUARY 3RD, 2015

Anonymous said...

268church.org has an article headlined
"Four Reasons Why We Support Israel"

Anonymous said...

From the Jerusalem Post website jpost.com an article is headlined
"5 reasons Christians should always support Israel"
March 1, 2022 — Opinion: Pastor Jentezen Franklin

Anonymous said...

ifcj.org has an article headlined
"Why Do Christians Support Israel?" by
Stand for Israel on December 5, 2022

Anonymous said...

www.neverthirsty.org has a good article headlined
"Where does the Bible say that we should support Israel?"

Anonymous said...

boundless.org has an article headlined
"As Christians, must we support Israel?"
SEPTEMBER 12, 2002
BY J. BUDZISZEWSKI It's a good Pro-Israel article

Anonymous said...

thejewishnews.com has an article headlined
"Essay: Why Do Christians Support Israel?"
By Jonathan Feldstein- 12/02/2020

Anonymous said...

nationalreview.com has an article headlined
"Why Christians Support Israel"
By DENNIS PRAGER
March 6, 2018

Anonymous said...

bibletoday.com has an article headlined
"Antisemitism is Alive and Well! How is the Christian to Respond?"

Anonymous said...

israelimpacttour.com has a Good article headlined
"TEN REASONS TO SUPPORT ISRAEL"
By Susan Michael

Anonymous said...

Christians United for Israel
cufi.org has a link to a pdf headlined
"Why Christians Should Support Israel...the Apple of his Eye" by Pastor John Hagee
80 pages

Anonymous said...

Replacement Theology aka Supersessionism doesn't have a Heart , it is Heartless Identity Theft

Anonymous said...

jewishawareness.org has an article headlined
" REPLACEMENT THEOLOGY: A BAD IDEA WHOSE TIME HAS NOT COME…"
May 20, 2014
by Keith Megilligan

Anonymous said...

helwyssocietyforum.com has an article headlined
"Is the Church the “New Israel”?
Oct 13, 2014
by Jeffrey Cockrell

Anonymous said...

An article is headlined "John Piper’s Replacement Theology" from
h4cblog.com

Anonymous said...

blogs.timesofisrael.com has an article headlined
"Replacement Theology’s Genocidal March Through Christian History"
JUNE 13, 2022 by
Aaron David Fruh

Anonymous said...

grandmageri422.me has an article headlined
"The Lie of Replacement Theology: Is Your Church Part of This?"
ON FEBRUARY 6, 2016 BY GERI UNGUREAN

Anonymous said...

jeremiah111.org has a good article headlined
"Replacement Theology
Its Origins, Teachings and Errors"

By Dr. Gary Hedrick, President of CJF Ministries
(With Minor Editing By Rabbi Loren)

Anonymous said...

bridgesforpeace.com has an article headlined
"Israel and God’s Judgment on the Nations" on October 1, 2015

Anonymous said...

amiloper.com has an article headlined
"Why Did God Pronounce Judgment on Nations Outside Israel?" on January 26, 2021

Anonymous said...

Billye Brim Ministries
billyebrim.org has an article headlined
"Judgment of the Nations for How They Treat Israel (Mini-Book)"

Anonymous said...

neverthirsty.org has a article headlined
"The Judgment of the Nations — Sheep and Goat judgment"

Anonymous said...

tovrose.com has an article headlined
"Judgment of the Nations for How they Treat Israel?" on
Jan 22, 2017

Anonymous said...

on the tovrose.com article just mentioned scroll down to where it says
"12 Keys To Understanding Israel In The Bible"
by Clarence H. Wagner Jr.

Anonymous said...

www.elizabethton.com has an article headlined
"Dividing Israel brings God’s judgment" Published Friday, July 22, 2022 This article says "To the Editor: The nation of Israel is unique among all nations because it’s based on an everlasting covenant with God almighty. The rebirth of the nation of Israel is unique among all nations in world history. Israel exists against all odds. The most obvious proof God wrote the Bible is the Jews and the nation of Israel. The Bible predicted their exile from the land and return just prior to the second coming of King Jesus. (Amos 9:14-15; Isaiah 11:11; Ezekiel 20:34). There’s no nation that was out of existence for 1,900 years and came back. They even have the same capital (Jerusalem) and speak Hebrew which was an extinct language. The Bible in Zechariah 12 says God will destroy all nations that come against Jerusalem. Hundreds of Bible verses say Jerusalem and Israel belongs to the Jews. Even the Muslim Koran claims Israel belongs to the Jews says Professor Nissin Dana. Koran 7:7 says, God bequeaths the land of Israel to the Jews. The Bible says God will send judgment on nations that try to divide the land He gave to Israel. Genesis 12:3 says, “I will bless those who bless you and curse those who curse you.” Obadiah 12:3 says, “For the day of the Lord is near upon the heathen; as thou hast done (to Israel) it shall return upon your own head.” Most American presidents starting with President George H.W. Bush in 1991 have pressured Israel to divide and give up land God gave them for peace. Dr. John McTernan wrote a book documenting 50 examples of God’s judgments on America and other nations going against Israel. America must stand with and not divide Israel to avoid God’s wrath. Dr. McTernan documented when presidents of both parties gave away land of Israel they got hurricanes and other disasters. When the late President Bush made Israel give up land a storm destroyed his home. President Joe Biden went to Israel and just signed to confirm a two-state solution to divide Israel for peace and security. The Bible says in 1 Thessalonians 5:3, “For when they shall say, Peace and safety; then sudden destruction comes upon them, as travail upon a woman with child; and they shall not escape.” It has been predicted that evil New York will burn with a 1,000 fires. America will soon also receive great judgment and complete destruction because we are the daughter of Babylon mentioned in the Bible. I agree with Douglas Woodward who said that America is the daughter of Babylon mentioned in Jeremiah 50-51. The Bible says in Jeremiah 51:42, “the sea (ocean) is come upon Babylon (America). She is covered with the multitude of waves thereof.” Russia is able and willing to do this with nuclear bombs in the ocean. On July 12, 2022 the Russian Ministry of Defense said, “We are on the verge of an immediate armed conflict with the United States.” Also in Isaiah 47:5, “Sit thou silent, get thee into darkness, O daughter of the Chaldeans: for thou shalt no more be called, The lady of kingdoms.” Russia is also able and willing to cut off our electric grid forever. Many Christians have dreamed they were raptured and looked down to see Russian missiles hitting their big cities. To God, Jerusalem is the most holy city. The Bible tells us to pray for the peace of Jerusalem which is in effect praying for the return of Jesus because there will be no peace until Jesus returns. Jesus returns with Christians after the seven-year tribulation to rule 1,000 years from Jerusalem, not from America. Don’t be stressed about Israel’s survival but be justifiably concerned about America’s! May the Holy God of Israel bless and protect you! You can be blessed with eternal life if you make an everlasting covenant with God by trusting His son Jesus as your only Savior. Don’t delay in trusting Jesus as your Savior, as God’s prophetic plan is accelerating, and time is running out! D.D. Nave Elizabethton "

Anonymous said...

www.ifi.org.il has an article headlined
"WHY GOD JUDGES NATIONS"

Anonymous said...

Calvary Chapel Elk Grove
www.ccelkgrove.org has an article headlined
"The Resurrection of A Nation" on
May 14, 2019

Anonymous said...

www1.cbn.com has an article headlined
"Malcolm Hedding: Why Christians are Indebted to Israel"

Anonymous said...

Another good book is titled
"Defending Christian Zionism" by David Pawson

Anonymous said...

Derek Prince Ministries www.derekprince.com has a good article headlined
"Our Debt to Israel"

Anonymous said...

Another good book is titled
"The Case for Zionism: Why Christians Should Support Israel"
by Thomas Ice

Anonymous said...

The Jerusalem Post
jpost.com has an article by
David Parsons headlined
"A calm defense of Christian Zionism" on
October 31, 2011

Anonymous said...

The article by David Parsons
"A calm defense of Christian Zionism" can also be found on the website :
thejerusalemconnection.us

Anonymous said...

coffeescribe.ca has an article headlined
"Six reasons why replacement theology is false"

Anonymous said...

American Remnant Mission
remnant.net has an article headlined
"The Attitude and Reasoning of Replacement Theology"

Anonymous said...


www.kesherjournal.com has an article headlined
"Toward Paul's Ephesians 2 Vision of the One New Man"
Aug 17, 2022 by David Rudolph

Anonymous said...



www.alankurschner.com has an article headlined
"Refuting Steve Wohlberg on His Replacement Theology" on
Feb 13, 2013 — by Alan Kurschner

Anonymous said...

abigailanddolley.blogspot.com has an article headlined
"Jesus Refutes Replacement Theology"
May 23, 2015 —

Anonymous said...

thedrawingboard.today has an article headlined
"Jesus: the Galilean?"
11th July 2017 This article Affirms Jesus Was Indeed Jewish !!! But Jesus is Still Jewish in Heaven

Anonymous said...

A Christian typed online Several years ago
"Out of all the people in the world who should stand with Israel and the Jewish people, it is Christians.
If a Christian is not standing with Israel and the Jewish people, it is like hating your brother or sister or parents. God sees Christians and Jews as people He has called out from the world. So we do not look or act like the world.
And I suspect you will find those "Christians" who stand with the "Palestinians" and demonize Israel, as not Christians, but people caught up in "Churchianity". A tare form of the fake Christian.
Yes we love and want to help the "Palestinians". But we do not do it at the expense of Israel and the Jewish people, whom God still has love and plans for.
We do not help the "Palestinians" at all, by demonizing the only people who are actually protecting them, Israel.
The rest of the world ensures the disease, hate, destruction in Palestinian areas, because the world supports those who enslave those Arabs in Israel in the areas of Gaza and Judea.
The EU/Obama admin/UN enable those who do more harm to the "Palestinians" and stand with the lies and Islamic terrorists that keep the "Palestinians" in slavery to hate, hopelessness and despair.
And the UN/Obama/EU do it on purpose. Antisemitism has a home in these worldly groups, driven by greed for Arab ,money, lack of love for the "palestinians" and self interest.
I pray for those who stand with Israel and for helping and doing what is right for those trapped in the Gaza and Judea areas under the fascism of Islamic terrorism of Hamas, Hezbollah and Iranian funded hate and savagery."

Anonymous said...

gatestoneinstitute.org has an article headlined
"Christians Who Demonize Israel: Kairos"
by Denis MacEoin on
January 27, 2016

Anonymous said...

gatestoneinstitute.org has
Part II of the article headlined
"Christians Who Demonize Israel - Part II"
by Denis MacEoin on
February 9, 2016

Anonymous said...

Part III of the
gatestoneinstitute.org article is headlined
"Christians Who Demonize Israel - Part III
Sabeel: An Anti-Semitic Cult within the Church"
by Denis MacEoin on
March 3, 2016

Anonymous said...

www.theabalonekid.com has an article headlined
"BEWARE OF WOLVES IN SHEEPS CLOTHING" About the Evils of Replacement Theology

Anonymous said...

mattsmusings.net
"Five Reasons Why I Cannot Embrace Andy Stanley's Replacement Theology"
Sep 27, 2018 by Matt Ellis

Anonymous said...

hftm.org has an article headlined
"ISRAEL’S EXISTENCE DISPROVES CHRISTIAN REPLACEMENT THEOLOGY"
by Ryan Jones

Anonymous said...

cuf5.tripod.com has an article headlined
"Replacement Theology - Christianity Under Fire"

Anonymous said...

blogs.timesofisrael.com has an article headlined headlined
"Jesus a “Palestinian Martyr?”
MAY 28, 2013, by Dan Calic about the Lies of
Palestinian Christians

Anonymous said...

www.bkog.net has an headlined
"Replacement Theology or Supersessionism"

Anonymous said...

christskingdom.com has an article headlined
"Replacement Theology: It’s Not True – Part 1"
By Steven J. Hogan

Anonymous said...

lhim.org has an article headlined
"The “Olive Tree” Symbolism in Romans 11"
January 27th, 2013 by Brian Keating


Anonymous said...

Kad-Esh MAP Ministries
kad-esh.org has an article headlined
"Marginal or Royal?" about the Evils of Replacement Theology

Anonymous said...

alt.bible.prophecy.narkive.com has an article headlined
"Does Matthew 21:43 Support Replacement Theology?" by
Michael J. Vlach

Anonymous said...

issuesinPerspective.com has an article headlined
"The Harbinger: Right Message, Harmful Exegesis"
Feb 23rd, 2013 | By Dr. Jim Eckman About the Evils of Replacement Theology

Anonymous said...

www.richardcarrier.info
"The Incompetent Crankery of the Israel Only Movement" on
November 30, 2020 by Richard Carrier

Anonymous said...

archive.askdrbrown.org has an article headlined
"Replacement Theology Debunked in a Great Song!"
Posted April 24, 2014 by Michael L. Brown This article says

"This Error's Marcion," written and sung by David Harwood, author of God's True Love.

A Link to the Video is Found

Anonymous said...

thejewishnews.com has an article headlined
"Op-ed: The Return of Christian Anti-Semitism?"
By Jackie Headapohl- on 11/26/2018

Anonymous said...

blogs.timesofisrael.com has an article headlined
"The new version of the Lutheran New Testament is not “good news” and should be called out by all Christians as “fake news”
APRIL 23, 2020, by
Shimon Samuels about a False Heretical Blasphemous perversion of the New Testament

Anonymous said...

mesabiblestudy.com has an article headlined
"Lutherans Publish Their Own Version of the Bible Without the Word Israel in It “Replacement Theology 2.0”

Anonymous said...

thejerusalemconnection.us has an article headlined
"The true face of Christendom" by Earl Cox , about the Evils of Replacement Theology

Anonymous said...

charismanews.com has an article headlined
"Danish Woman: Why I Stand With Israel"
5/28/2013
Jane Kiel/For Forever Israel

Anonymous said...

thehistoricist.blogspot.com has an article by Jerry Huerta
headlined
"The Historicist: Replacement Theology Refuted" on
December 3, 2019

Anonymous said...

cnn.com has an article headlined
"Anti-Semitism 'neither human or Christian,' says Pope Francis
By Livia Borghese and Nicola Ruotolo,
November 13, 2019 this article says

"Rome(CNN)Pope Francis has condemned anti-Semitism, describing the persecution of Jews as "neither human or Christian."

Departing from prepared remarks at his weekly Papal audience in Rome, the Pope said: "I would like to make a separate note. The Jewish people have suffered so much in history, they have been chased away, they too have been persecuted.

"In the last century we saw so many brutalities against the Jewish people, and we were all convinced that this was over. But today the habit of persecuting the Jews, brothers and sisters, is here reborn. This is neither human nor Christian."

He continued: "The Jews are our brothers and should not be persecuted, understand?"

Pope Francis prepares to address worshipers during his weekly audience on November 13, 2019.

The Pope did not refer to any specific case or incident, but his comments come after an 89-year-old Auschwitz survivor was placed under police protection after receiving online and offline anti-Semitic threats in Italy, according to local reports.

New report shows spike in British anti-Semitism
New report shows spike in British anti-Semitism
Liliana Segre, who was only 13 when she was deported to Auschwitz, is a senator-for-life who recently spearheaded the creation of a parliamentary committee against hate, racism and anti-Semitism, also known locally as the Segre commission.

She has become the target of about 200 "particularly aggressive" social media attacks each day, the Milan-based Foundation Jewish Contemporary Documentation Center told CNN earlier this month.
The center has reported a significant rise in anti-Semitic attacks in Italy, particularly online.

"Since the beginning of the year to the end of September, we recorded about 190 anti-Semitic incidents, about 70% online," Stefano Gatti, from the center, told CNN. For comparison, the total episodes for the whole of last year were 197 and 130 for 2017.

Anti-Semitic incidents remained at historically high levels in 2018
Anti-Semitic incidents remained at historically high levels in 2018
Results of a survey carried out by pollster ComRes for CNN last year showed that anti-Semitic stereotypes were alive and well in Europe with more than a quarter of Europeans polled believing Jews had too much influence in business and finance.

Meanwhile, a third of Europeans in the poll said they knew just a little or nothing at all about the Holocaust, the mass murder of some six million Jews in lands controlled by Adolf Hitler's Nazi regime in the 1930s and 1940s."

Anonymous said...

Another Hideous Example of Replacement Theology In 2020 something was indeed
very rotten in Denmark
www1.cbn.com had an article on April 22, 2020
"New Danish Bible Translation Omits Dozens of References to Israel"

Anonymous said...

archive.askdrbrown.org
has an article about the biased distorted Danish Bible Translation headlined
"The Danish Translation That Removes Israel from the New Testament"
Posted Apr 30, 2020 by Michael L. Brown

Anonymous said...

sermons.love has an article
headlined
"Dr. David Jeremiah — When America Would Turn Her Back on Israel" Another good
Pro-Israel article from this website is headlined
"The Isolation of Israel" Also by
Dr. David Jeremiah

Anonymous said...

foxnews.com has an article headlined
"David Jeremiah: America’s future depends on our relationship with Israel"
By David Jeremiah May 5, 2019

Anonymous said...

commentary.org has an article headlined :
" 'Jesus Was a Palestinian’: The Return of Christian Anti-Semitism"
by Melanie Phillips on June 1, 2014

Anonymous said...

www.wildolive.co.uk has an article headlined
"Some Bad Theologies" Scroll Down and Click on the links to
Replacement Theology &
Christian Palestinianism

Anonymous said...

israelmyglory.org has an article headlined
"10 Errors of Christian Palestinianism" January/February 2013 by Jim Showers , this article says
"What’s wrong with Christian Palestinianism? A great deal. Here are 10 of its most obvious errors:

It blames Israel for much of the conflict between Israel and the Arabs living in Israel and not only dismisses Islamic terrorists, but aligns with them in opposition to Israel.
It attacks Israeli sovereignty but ignores the fact that Israel came to control the land because of Arab wars that sought to eliminate Israel. Its leaders fail to admit peace cannot be obtained simply by Israel withdrawing from the West Bank; Palestinian Arabs must recognize Israel as a nation and promise to live peaceably with it.
It ignores the biblical names for Israel. In the Bible, the West Bank is called Samaria and Judea. The biblical name for the entire land is Israel, not Palestine. The Romans renamed the land Palestine after they squelched the second Jewish revolt in A.D. 135. The renaming plays into the desire of Israel’s enemies who say, “Come, and let us cut them off from being a nation, that the name of Israel may be remembered no more” (Ps. 83:4). Refusing to call the land Israel identifies one as an enemy of Israel and of God, according to Psalm 83.
It ignores the biblical people of the covenant. There are no Palestinian people in Scripture. There has never been a Palestinian nation in the Bible or in history. However, Israel is referenced from Genesis 12 through the end of the Bible as the descendants of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. These descendants are the recipients of God’s everlasting covenant promise of the land.
It manufactures a Palestinian history that does not exist, and it redefines Jesus as someone He was not. In the process, it changes the purpose for which He truly came: to save the world from sin.
It is founded on a bias against Israel, rather than from a careful study of Scripture. The fact that Christian-Palestinian scholars say difficult passages should be ignored and the Bible should be “de-Zionized” confirms this error. God’s Word says, “All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness” (2 Tim. 3:16, emphasis added).
It diminishes God and the authority of His Word. Twisting Scripture to justify one’s position violates the basic rules of language. Christian Palestinianism ignores context and literal meaning and selectively infuses its own meaning for some texts, while outright dismissing the meaning of other texts. The apostle Paul warned his protégé Timothy to be diligent in “rightly dividing the word of truth” (2 Tim. 2:15).
It corrupts the understanding of what God is doing on Earth—His plan for the ages as revealed through His written Word—by redefining God’s purpose for history and for His Redeemer, Jesus Christ. The Bible warns against preaching a gospel that differs from the true one (Gal. 1:6–9).
It presents God as covenant breaker by stealing the promises He gave to Israel, as well as Christ’s promised earthly inheritance.
It greatly exaggerates the Christian-Zionist influence on U.S. foreign policy. Christian Zionists wish they had such power. But in reality, it does not exist."

Anonymous said...

The Jerusalem Post
jpost.com has an article headlined
"The resurrection of Christian antisemitism"
By BRIAN SCHRAUGER Published: JUNE 18, 2020

Anonymous said...

Another good article is from
rockofoffence.com headlined
"The Controversy Concerning Christian Zionism"

Anonymous said...

endtime-prophets.com has an article headlined
"Has God Replaced Israel with the Church?"

Anonymous said...

thetruthunderfire.com has an article headlined
"ISRAELOLOGY - Why Israel Matters To the Biblical Christian - Part One" Sunday, October 21, 2012
by James Fire Part 2 of this article is on October 22, 2012

Anonymous said...

israelmyglory.org has an article headlined
"Why Anti-Semitism?" April/May 1993 Renald Showers this article says
"Why have the Jewish people been persecuted more persistently than any other ethnic group throughout history? Why, in spite of overwhelming evidence of the Holocaust, do some deny that it happened? Why, after the high cost of life and resources necessary to squelch the anti-Semitism of World War II and the world’s determination never to allow this evil to plague mankind again, is anti-Semitism rising anew? Why is anti-Semitism able to captivate humans to the point that horrible atrocities can be performed without a pang of conscience?

The Basis of the Answer

These questions are prompted by realities that defy human reason to comprehend and explain, because the basis of those realities and the answer to the questions prompted by them lie not in the natural or human realm, but in the supernatural or spiritual realm. The ultimate cause of the realities and questions related to anti-Semitism is the great spiritual war that has been raging throughout most of time. That war is the key to understanding the purpose of history and the ultimate reason for the persistent hatred of Jews.

The personal, sovereign God, who revealed Himself in the Bible, created a kingdom (including the heavens and the earth) over which He could rule (Gen. 1:1). He created angels to serve Him in the heavenly realm of His kingdom (Ps. 103:19–22; 148:2–5) and man to serve Him in the earthly realm, giving man dominion over that earthly realm (Gen. 1:26–28; Ps. 8:4–8). He thereby established a theocracy (a form of government in which God is the sovereign ruler of the earth), but His rule was administered through Adam—a human representative.

Through pride, Lucifer, the greatest angel, started a war with the goal of overthrowing God as the sovereign Lord of the universe and replacing God with himself (Isa. 14:12–14; Ezek. 38:11–17; 1 Tim. 3:6). God then changed Lucifer’s name to Satan (enemy or adversary).

Satan persuaded other angels and men to join his war against God (Gen. 2:15–17; 3:1–11; Rev. 12:7). As a result of joining Satan, man died spiritually, brought harm to his environment, and became subject to disease, deformity, and physical death (Gen. 3:16–24; 5; Rom. 5:12). In addition, now that God’s human representative had defected, the earthly theocracy was lost. By joining Satan’s war, Adam handed over the rule of the world system to Satan, who has been dominating it ever since (Lk. 4:5–7; Jn. 16:11, 2 Cor. 4:4; Jn. 5:19).

In light of Satan’s war against Him, God’s goal for history is to glorify Himself by demonstrating that He alone is the sovereign God of the universe. To accomplish that goal, God must do three things before the history of this earth ends. First, He must crush Satan and eliminate him and his evil rule from the earth. Second, He must restore His theocracy to the earth. Once again He must have an Adam, a human representative, administering His rule over the earth. Third, when God restores His theocracy, He must reverse the tragic results of man’s joining Satan’s war."

Anonymous said...

The article continues
"Immediately after the first Adam joined Satan’s war, God informed His enemy that the woman’s seed would crush him (Gen. 3:15). God thereby revealed that the key to His crushing Satan would be the coming and work of a man-child Redeemer born of a woman during the course of world history.

Because this seed of a woman was the key to his defeat, Satan’s war strategy became twofold: First, he must try to prevent this promised man-child from being born; second, if that attempt failed, he must try to destroy this Redeemer before He could accomplish His God assigned work. In regard to the second part of Satan’s strategy, it should be noted that God also promised that Satan would bruise the heel of the woman’s seed (Gen. 3:15), thereby revealing that the man-child Redeemer would die while doing His God-assigned work and that Satan would be instrumental in causing His death.

Why would the Redeemer die? To accomplish His goal for history, sometime during its course God must rid man and the earth of the cause of their tragic predicament, which is man’s sin against God. God required the shedding of blood to atone for sin (Lev. 17:11); therefore, the woman’s seed would die to atone for man’s sin so that God could accomplish His purpose for history.

God revealed that the Messiah would die to atone for man’s sin (Isa. 53), crush Satan’s rule (Ps. 2:1–9; Isa. 11:1–4; Zech. 14:3–4, 12–15), restore God’s theocracy to the earth and rule it as His last Adam (Isa. 9:6–7; Dan. 7:13–14; Zech. 14:9), and reverse the tragic results of man’s joining Satan’s war (Isa. 11:6–9; 35:1–7). In other words, the Messiah is the promised man-child Redeemer, the key to God’s accomplishing His purpose for history.

Satan’s Purpose for Anti-Semitism

God promised to bless all nations of the earth through the seed of Abraham and Isaac (Gen. 22:18; 26:4). Thus, the woman’s seed, the promised Messiah, would be born through Abraham and Isaac’s physical line of descent, and the key to God’s defeating Satan and bringing great blessing to the world would come through the nation of Israel.

Satan therefore targeted Israel for destruction so that the Messiah could not come. For example, years after Abraham and Isaac’s descendants migrated to Egypt (Gen. 45–46), Satan prompted a new Pharaoh to decree that male babies born to Hebrew women be killed (Ex. 1:15–22). If all the males of a nation are destroyed, that nation will soon disappear because it will have no means of propagating itself This was the beginning of anti-Semitism, and it was Satan’s means of trying to destroy Israel so that the Messiah could not be born."

Anonymous said...

& continues
"During the 400s BC, Satan prompted Haman, a high ranking official in the Medo-Persian empire, to persuade the king to pass a decree commanding that all Jews be killed in one day (Est. 3:8–15), thereby attempting to annihilate the entire nation of Israel in one days time so that the Messiah could not come.

From 175 to 164 BC, Antiochus Epiphanes, a Greek/Syrian ruler, warred against the Jews, tried to stamp out their worship of God, and massacred large numbers of people who resisted his policies.

In all of these examples, and many others not cited, Satan used anti-Semitism as his tool to try to annihilate Israel so that the Messiah could not be born. But Satan failed in this first part of his war strategy because God sovereignly countered all of his attempts to totally destroy Israel in pre-Christian times. As a result, the Messiah, Jesus Christ, was born of a Jewish woman around 5 or 4 BC, while Herod the Great ruled Israel on behalf of Rome.

Satan prompted many Jews to reject the Messiah and His message from God (Mt. 13:3–4, 18–19), but God sovereignly used that rejection as His means of having the Messiah die on a cross as “the Lamb of God, who taketh away the sin of the world” (Jn. 1:29; cp. Acts 2:22–24). Thus, Satan was instrumental in causing the Messiah’s death, just as God had foretold (Gen. 3:15).

Satan continues to brutalize Israel with anti-Semitism because Israel still has a crucial role to play in God’s plan for history.
In pre-Christian times, Satan used anti-Semitism to prevent the Messiah from coming, but he failed. Yet Satan continues to brutalize Israel with anti-Semitism because Israel still has a crucial role to play in God’s plan for history. When the Jewish nation accepts their rejected, crucified Messiah, God will crush Satan, eliminate him and his evil rule from the earth, and restore His theocracy (Zech. 12:10–13:1; 14; Dt. 3:13; 4:17; Acts 3:12–21). Because Israel must repent before God crushes His enemy, Satan has concluded that if he can annihilate Israel before it repents, God will never crush him. Thus, he has instigated heinous anti-Semitic activities through the Roman Empire, various forms of organized Christendom (the Inquisition, etc.), national governments, and numerous terrorist groups. He raised up Nazism as his tool to annihilate some six million Jews in the Holocaust (scholarly research has demonstrated the involvement of Hitler and his SS troops with occult rituals related to Satanism).

But Satan’s greatest onslaught of anti-Semitism is yet to come. Before the Messiah returns to crush him, Satan and his Antichrist will desolate Israel for three and onehalf years (Dan. 9:27; Rev. 12:13–15). They will be instrumental in drawing the armies of all nations against Israel (Zech. 12–14; Rev. 16:13–16), and the nation will be devastated so extensively that two-thirds of the Jewish people will perish (Zech. 13:8)."

Anonymous said...

& lastly says
"Thus, persistent hatred of Jews goes beyond the human realm to the supernatural or spiritual realm. In their war against God, Satan and his fallen angels are behind every expression of anti-Semitism.

God Overrules Anti-Semitism

God placed Israel into a unique, permanent relationship with Himself that no other nation has enjoyed (Dt. 7:6; 10:15; 14:2; 26:18–19; 2 Sam. 7:23–24). God did this, not because the Israelites were greater than other people (Dt. 7:7), but because He had a unique purpose for them. God is sovereign, and in spite of Satan’s persecution of Israel through anti-Semitism, His unique purpose for the nation is crucial to His purpose for history, which is to glorify Himself by demonstrating that He alone is the sovereign God of the universe. God’s purpose for Israel is related to this purpose for history in several ways.

First, God determined to demonstrate His sovereignty to the world through His historic dealings with Israel. Early in its history, God revealed that if Israel obeyed His Word, He would bless them more than any other nation (Dt. 28:1–14), but if Israel rebelled against His Word, He would curse them more than any other nation (Dt. 28:15–68). The cursing would include scattering the Jews among the nations and persecution so severe that they would despair of life itself (vv. 64–67). Thus, the cursing would presuppose the existence of anti-Semitism.

God indicated that through these historic dealings, He purposed to use Israel to impress the world with the fact that He sovereignly blesses those who obey His Word but curses those who rebel against it (vv. 10, 37). Thus, satanically inspired anti-Semitism will continue to exist until the Jewish people return to the Lord and His Messiah.

Second, God determined to bring the Messiah, the key to His purpose for history, into the world through Israel. Before the Messiah was born, however, Israel had a persistent tendency to disobey God, so He sovereignly allowed Assyria and Babylon to purge Israel of its rebellion (Isa. 10: 1–12; Jer. 25: 1–11) in order to preserve a faithful remnant within the nation through whom the Messiah could be born.

Third, God intends for Israel to be the spiritual leader of the world after He crushes Satan and restores His theocracy to the earth during the Millennial Kingdom. The Gentiles will then look to the Jews to lead them to Jerusalem and worship the true God (Zech. 8:22–23). Israel will have to be spiritually right with God to fulfill that role. To that end, God will overrule the future anti-Semitism of Satan and the Anti-Christ and will use the hatred of the nations to sovereignly draw them against Israel. His divine purpose will be to break their stubborn rebellion and bring them to repentance and belief in Jesus Christ as their Messiah and Savior (Zech. 12–14)."


Anonymous said...

Idolphin.org has an article headlined
"The Islamic Threat To Israel" by
Dave Hunt a 5 part article

Anonymous said...


www.rootsmetals.com has an article headlined
"Al Jazeera is lying to you"
Aug 22, 2022 — About the Hate and Lies of Al Jazeera

Anonymous said...

joelstrumpet.com has an article headlined
"GRAND MUFTI OF JERUSALEM AND THE HADITH OF THE GHARQAD TREE" by
Joel Richardson about the Lies & Hate of "Christians" that Support "Palestinians"

Anonymous said...

firmisrael.org has an article headlined
"3 Ways to Confront Christian Anti-Zionism"
BY WAYNE HILSDEN
JANUARY 16TH, 2015

Anonymous said...


faithalone.org has an article headlined
"How Replacement Theology Distorted Christian Thought"
Jan 1, 2014 — by
Ronald E. Diprose

Anonymous said...

davidstent.org has an article headlined
"The ABC’s of Replacement Theology – Palestinian Style"
POSTED ON APRIL 5, 2012 BY AVNER BOSKEY This website has many other good articles against Replacement Theology

Anonymous said...

curtlandry.com has an article headlined "Jewish Roots of Christianity | Reclaiming Our Forgotten Heritage: Understanding God’s Covenants"
Curt Landry Ministries
on January 7, 2019

Anonymous said...

deceptioninthechurch.com has an article from 1989 headlined
"Replacement Theology"

Anonymous said...

worldlychaos.org has an article headlined
"Replacement Theology - His Servants' Ministry"
About the Errors of Replacement Theology

Anonymous said...

Another good book is titled
"The Replacement Theology LIE :
Refuting the Replacement Theology deception" by Adrienne Gottlieb

Anonymous said...

www.bc.edu has an article headlined
"Christians and Jews: Starting Over - Why the Real Dialogue Has Just Begun"
by Luke Timothy Johnson

Anonymous said...

Another good book is headlined "Mordecai Would Not Bow Down: Anti-Semitism, the Holocaust, and Christian Supersessionism" by
Timothy P. Jackson

Anonymous said...

bibleodyssey.org has an article headlined
"Supersessionism"
by Jesper Svartvik

Anonymous said...

washingtonexaminer.com has a good article headlined
"Sins of commission and omission in anti-Israel reporting"
by Hugo Gurdon, Editor-in-Chief |
January 31, 2023

Anonymous said...

Another Example of Anti-Israel Lies and Bias
elderofziyon.blogspot.com has an article headlined
"A textbook case of media bias that most people would miss" on
September 26, 2017

Anonymous said...

hastentheday.info has an article headlined
"Prophecies Happening NOW
APOSTASY - DECEPTION WITHIN THE CHURCH
REPLACEMENT THEOLOGY"

Anonymous said...

premierchristianity.com has an article headlined
"The shocking truth about Christianity and the Holocaust"
By Simon Ponsonby

Anonymous said...

facinghistory.org has an article headlined
"Christian Churches and Antisemitism: New Teachings" on May 12, 2020

Anonymous said...

www.theway.org.uk has a pdf article headlined
"Christian Theology After the Holocaust" by Kenneth Cracknell

Anonymous said...

kgov.com has an article headlined
"Replacement Theology"

Anonymous said...

baldwinchuck.blogspot.com has an article headlined
"Replacement Theology Refuted!" on
Tuesday, January 26, 2010

Anonymous said...

kingdominbible.com has an article headlined
"Will God Eternally Bless Ethnic Israel? A Critique of “Replacement Theology”
John Hepp, Jr.

Anonymous said...

sokare.com has an article headlined
"Replacement Theology Refuted!"
by: David Ben-Ariel

Anonymous said...


traffic.libsyn.com
has a pdf article headlined
"ISRAEL & THE LAST DAYS – PART 8"
June 21, 2013 by
P.M. Williams

Anonymous said...

Parts 1-7 on the
"Israel & The Last Days" article on
traffic.libsyn.com are also a Must read

Anonymous said...

www.answering-islam.org has an article headlined
"ISRAEL
AND THE WORLD'S MOCK TRIAL
THE SHAME" about the Moral Superiority of Israel compared to It's enemies

Anonymous said...

free.messianicbible.com has a good article headlined
"End-Time Prophecy: Will There Be Peace in the Middle East?"

Anonymous said...


www.roncantor.com has an article headlined
"Revelation 1:7 Destroys Replacement Theology"
April 4, 2019 — by
Ron Cantor

Anonymous said...

evidenceunseen.com has an article headlined
"(Rev. 1:7) Does this passage refer to the destruction of Jerusalem in AD 70?"

Anonymous said...

dtjsoft.com has an article headlined
"Who Is the Israel of God?"
Posted on March 11, 2019 by Andrew Bernhardt , a 5 part article worth reading

Anonymous said...

christogenea.org has an article headlined
"The Clergy Claims God Committed Fraud, and Adultery!" on Dec 16, 2022

Anonymous said...

virtueonline.org has a good article headlined
"ANGLICAN ZIONISM?"
By Gerald McDermott
February 27, 2018 A very good article

Anonymous said...

raptureready.com has a good article headlined
"Replacement Theology” Leads to “Replacement Reality” :: by Jan Markell
Published on: June 21, 2014

Anonymous said...

godsreal.org has an article headlined
"Replacement Theology Debunked!" on March 8, 2019

Anonymous said...

www.rockofoffence.com has an article headlined
"Avoiding the Error of
Replacement Theology" By William Handschumacher many other good articles are on this website

Anonymous said...

worthychristianforums.com has a good article headlined
"The Errors of Replacement Theology" By Quasar93
April 28, 2018 

Anonymous said...

breadoflife.media has an article headlined
"Replacement Theology – Has the Church Replaced Israel?"
By admin
January 14, 2023

Anonymous said...

pilgrimway.org has an article headlined
"The Errors of Replacement Theology" by John Cereghin plus it has a link to an article from wayoflife.org headlined
"A Refutation of Replacement Theology" on March 1, 2018 by David Cloud



Anonymous said...

In all fairness
www.israel365news.com has an article headlined
"The New Danish Bible: A Fresh Perspective" by
Tricia Miller
MAY 11, 2020

Anonymous said...

rockdalenewtoncitizen.com has an article headlined
"PEARRELL: Follow the Law of Love"|
Mar 6, 2021 by John Pearrell

Anonymous said...



stltoday.com has an article headlined
"The fallacy of replacement theology" by Anne T. Garcia on
July 25, 2007

Anonymous said...

tabletmag.com has an article headlined
"Progressive Replacement Theology"
BY
LIEL LEIBOVITZ on MARCH 01, 2019 About how Progressive Replacement Theology is Evil and False

Anonymous said...

www.tbn.org
Jan 31, 2022 has an article headlined
"The Fallacies of Replacement Theology"

Anonymous said...

collective.tku.edu has a pdf article headlined
"One New Man, Hebrew Roots, Replacement Theology How to restore the Jewish roots of the Christian faith without getting weird" By David Rudolph, PhD on 9/8/2021

Anonymous said...

A person typed on Facebook in 2017
""6 reasons why Replacement Theology is false, and the Church has not replaced the nation of Israel in God’s plan." This Post says:

"I think we do not attach sufficient importance to the restoration of the Jews. We do not think enough of it. But certainly, if there is anything promised in the Bible it is this.”
--Charles H. Spurgeon1

“To argue that God replaced Israel with the church is to depart from an enormous body of biblical evidence."
--Walter C. Kaiser, Jr.2

A. What is Replacement Theology? Replacement theology (also known as supersessionism) essentially teaches that the Christian Church has replaced Israel in God’s plan. Thus, adherents of Replacement theology believe the Jews are no longer God’s chosen people, and that God’s covenants with them have been cancelled. In other words, according to Replacement theology, the Jewish people today no longer have any unique part to play in God’s plans – they are just like any other nation on the earth (English, Spanish, Chinese, etc.). All the stuff God wanted to do with the Jews in the Old Testament, He is now doing instead with Christians.

 Here, in point form, are the main tenets of Replacement Theology:

1. Israel (the Jewish people and the land) has been replaced by the Christian Church in the purposes of God, or, more precisely, the Church is the historic continuation of Israel to the exclusion of the former.

2. The Jewish people are now no longer a "chosen people." In fact, they are no different from any other group, such as the English, Spanish, Chinese or Egyptians.

3. Since Pentecost of Acts 2, the term "Israel," as found in the Bible, now refers to the Church.

4. The promises, covenants and blessings ascribed to Israel in the Bible have been taken away from the Jews and given to the Church, which has superseded them. However, the Jews are subject to the curses found in the Bible, as a result of their rejection of Christ.

 As a result of these beliefs, Replacement theology is forced to interpret the many prophecies in Scripture about Israel3 in allegorical and ‘spiritualized’ ways; they have to find ways of reading the Christian Church into all of those prophecies about the future instead of the literal nation of Israel and the Jewish people, since the Church has replaced the Jews in God’s plan for the world.

B. Why Replacement Theology must be refuted:

1. It is unbiblical and forces a twisted and ‘spiritualized’ interpretation onto huge chunks of prophetic Scripture – hundreds of passages are affected.

Anonymous said...

The Facebook comment continues
"2. It cannot explain the continued existence of the Jewish people, nor the miraculous rebirth of the state of Israel in 1948. According to Replacement theology God is finished with the Jews (as of the New Testament). Thus, people who believe Replacement theology cannot give glory to God for the many astounding miracles that have occurred in the past century with respect to the rebirth of the modern state of Israel because, according to their theology, God wouldn’t do that for the Jews. Who, then, is responsible for what has happened? Replacement theology can only answer, ‘not God.’ What about the miracles? No explanation. Thus, Replacement theology has the effect of repudiating one of the greatest proofs for the existence of God in the world today – the miraculous rebirth of the nation of Israel.

3. Throughout history it has paved the way for ‘Christians’ to engage in anti-Semitic behavior. The Christian Church has a horrific and embarrassing history of persecuting the Jewish people, and that history of persecution would never have been possible without Replacement theology. Note: I should here make something clear – Replacement theology isn’t in itself racism and many of the people today who hold to Replacement theology are not racists. But, Replacement theology is the open gate through which all ‘Christian’ persecution of the Jews has had to travel throughout history. See, it would be impossible for anyone who believes that the Bible teaches that (1) God’s covenants with the Jews are still intact, (2) that the Jews are still God’s chosen people, and (3) that God is planning to someday save the Jews and bless them above all the other nations of the earth – it would be impossible for a person who believes that the Bible teaches such things to then turn around and persecute the Jews in the name of that Bible. In order for a person to persecute the Jews in the name of Christianity, said person must first come up with a theology that allows him to do so biblically – a theology like Replacement theology, which says that God has
rejected the Jews in anger, and has no more place for them in His plans. Only then can hatred for the Jews be placed under the banner of Christianity, as has happened so frequently throughout history."

Anonymous said...

& continues
" .C. 6 Reasons Why Replacement Theology is not a Biblical Doctrine. 4

 A summary of the 6 reasons:

1. The Bible explicitly promises that God’s covenant with the Jews would be eternal (ie. unbreakable).

2. The New Testament explicitly states that the Old Testament promises and covenants to Israel are STILL the possession of Israel, even during this Church age and even while the nation is currently in a state of unbelief.

3. The Old Testament explicitly teaches the future, permanent restoration of the nation Israel.

4. The New Testament reaffirms the Old Testament expectation of a future salvation and restoration of Israel.

5. Nowhere in the entire New Testament is the term ‘Israel’ used for those who are not ethnic Jews. Thus, there is no biblical basis for identifying the Church as the ‘new Israel.’

6. If God could break His covenant with the Jews, then we cannot trust Him to keep His promises to us Christians!
 --------------------------------------
1. Reason #1: The Bible explicitly promises that God’s covenant with the Jews would be eternal (ie. unbreakable).

a) Thus says the LORD, who gives the sun for light by day and the fixed order of the moon and the stars for light by night, who stirs up the sea so that its waves roar— the LORD of hosts is his name: 36 “If this fixed order departs from before me, declares the LORD, then shall the offspring of Israel cease from being a nation before me forever.” 37 Thus says the LORD: “If the heavens above can be measured, and the foundations of the earth below can be explored, then I will cast off all the offspring of Israel for all that they have done, declares the LORD” (Jeremiah 31:35-37 ESV).

 Have you seen the sun, moon or stars today? If so, you can know that the nation Israel still has a place in God’s plan because this passage clearly states that so long as the sun keeps coming up God will never reject the Jewish people (‘offspring of Israel’) – no matter what they do (v. 37b).

 This fact is confirmed in the New Testament where Paul says, “I ask, then, has God rejected his people [the Jews]? By no means! For I myself am an Israelite, a descendant of Abraham, a member of the tribe of Benjamin. 2 God has NOT rejected his people whom he foreknew” (Romans 11:1-2 ESV)."

Anonymous said...

& continues
"The Error of Replacement Theology"
by Clarence H. Wagner, Jr.

"Perhaps you have heard of the term Replacement Theology. However, if you look it up in a dictionary of Church history, you will not find it listed as a systematic study. Rather, it is a doctrinal teaching that originated in the early Church. It became the fertile soil from which Christian anti-Semitism grew and has infected the Church for nearly 1,900 years.

What Is Replacement Theology?

Replacement Theology was introduced to the Church shortly after Gentile leadership took over from Jewish leadership. What are its premises?

0. Israel (the Jewish people and the land) has been replaced by the Christian Church in the purposes of God, or, more precisely, the Church is the historic continuation of Israel to the exclusion of the former.

1. The Jewish people are now no longer a "chosen people." In fact, they are no different from any other group, such as the English, Spanish, or Africans.

2. Apart from repentance, the new birth, and incorporation into the Church, the Jewish people have no future, no hope, and no calling in the plan of God. The same is true for every other nation and group.

3. Since Pentecost of Acts 2, the term "Israel," as found in the Bible, now refers to the Church.

4. The promises, covenants and blessings ascribed to Israel in the Bible have been taken away from the Jews and given to the Church, which has superseded them. However, the Jews are subject to the curses found in the Bible, as a result of their rejection of Christ."

Anonymous said...

& continues
"READ MORE: http://www.ldolphin.org/replacement/
~~~~~~~
"VARIATIONS WITHIN SUPERSESSIONISM"
By Michael J. Vlach
http://www.pre-trib.org/data/pdf/Vlach-VariationsWithinSupersess.pdf
~~~~~~~
"The Facts and Flaws of Covenant Theology, Part 3"
By: James Showers

"Replacement Theology maintains that, because the Jewish people rejected Jesus Christ, God has replaced or superseded ethnic Israel with the church* and punished them by rescinding all of the covenant promises He gave them.

It also claims (1) the church began with Abraham in Genesis 12, (2) the church is merely a continuation of Old Testament Israel, (3) the church is true or “spiritual Israel,” and (4) true Israel in the Old Testament was comprised of Abraham’s spiritual, not physical, descendants.

Replacement theologians also claim we must first understand the New Testament before we can understand the Old. The New Testament, they say, teaches us how to interpret the Old Testament. This method enables them to redefine Israel to mean Abraham’s spiritual descendants only. However, interpreting Scripture this way ignores the progress of God’s revelation and implies that people who had only Old Testament revelation could not have understood it.

Replacement Theology also conveniently manages to uncouple God’s covenant promises from His covenant curses. The church inherits all of the promises to Israel, but the Jewish people (ethnic Israel) keep all of the covenant curses. This uncoupling is quite a feat.

Since the Replacement church sees itself as a continuation of Old Testament Israel, it applies portions of Old Testament Law to itself while ignoring important New Testament teachings.

Finally, Replacement Theology teaches there is no future for national Israel: God has thoroughly rejected Israel and no longer has a place for it in His plan for eternity apart from the salvation of individual Jewish people. They are no longer His Chosen People; nor is there a future 70th week of Daniel (see Daniel 9:24–27) or a future, literal, Millennial Kingdom of God on Earth.

Replacement Theology is the historical position of the Roman Catholic and Orthodox churches and the common position of the Reformed and Covenant churches. Unfortunately, it has fueled anti-Semitism for 1,800 years. It has been said that more anti-Semitic acts have been committed in the name of the church than by all other groups combined."

Anonymous said...

& continues
"READ MORE: http://www.foi.org/free-resources/article/facts-and-flaws-covenant-theology-part-3/
~~~~~~~
"Replacement Theology Undone By One Greek Word In Galatians 6:16

Sometimes just a small detail coming to light can totally change our understanding of a situation. Over the millennia, Bible scholars have scratched their heads over things that seem obvious to us now with hindsight. Today, it is not hard for us to fathom how everyone in the world could witness the same event simultaneously, for example. The “explosion in knowledge” and great “increase in people traveling to and fro” that Daniel the prophet wrote of (Daniel 12:4) now makes perfect sense with the development of the internet and air travel.

And for centuries it was extremely difficult for Christians to grasp that the word “Israel” in the Bible could possibly mean ethnic or national “Israel”, since it had apparently ceased to exist as a nation. The Jewish people were scattered across the globe for two millennia, and it certainly appeared to many that God’s purposes for them had come to an end. So scholars interpreted the Bible in light of their understanding, not imagining that Israel would exist again once more.

But since the reformation of Israel back in the land in 1948, we can start to read the Bible with new information that helps us to understand what God is talking about when He says, “Israel”. The events of 1948 have presented the shocking possibility that when the Bible talks about Israel, it could now literally mean – ISRAEL!

Since the early church fathers, as far back as Justin Martyr in 160 AD, Christians have been assuming that “Israel” really means “the Church”. Even by 160 AD, the people of Israel had been scattered and the land renamed “Palestine” for almost 100 years, so it’s easy to see how it happened. But you just try reading Romans 9-11 and every time it says “Israel”, replace it with the word “Church”. You will quickly see that it makes no sense at all. Israel really means Israel in both the Old and the New Testaments. While the New Testament often describes Israel and the Church in similar terms – both are the Bride of God, children of God, the chosen people, and so on – never does the New Testament call the Church “Israel”.

The word “Israel” occurs 70 times in the New Testament (79 times if you include the word “Israelite”), and all but two of these instances are unequivocally referring to the nation of Israel, and not to the Church – the two exceptional cases being Romans 9:6 and Galatians 6:16. In the past, people have clung to Galatians 6:16 as an example of how Israel can mean the church, but let’s examine that verse…

Galatians 6:16 says: “Peace and mercy be upon all who walk by this rule, upon the Israel of God,” (RSV) or “Peace and mercy to all who follow this rule—to the Israel of God.” (NIV).

But if we look at what the text actually says in the original, these translations have missed a key Greek word:

καὶ ὅσοι τῷ κανόνι τούτῳ στοιχήσουσιν, εἰρήνη ἐπ᾽ αὐτοὺς καὶ ἔλεος, καὶ ἐπὶ τὸν Ἰσραὴλ τοῦ θεοῦ. "

Anonymous said...

& continues
"Literally translated: And as many as (whoever) to the rule this shall be elementing (observing the fundamentals), peace on them and mercy, and (also) on the Israel of the God.

In other words, even though the Greek text indicates says that Paul was pronouncing peace and mercy to the followers of the Way AND ALSO to “the Israel of God”, those who were translating the text decided it could not possibly mean that Paul wanted to bless the house of Israel as well as the Gentile followers of Yeshua. They chose a far less common way of understanding the grammar, and decided to lump the two together with no distinction. While it is not technically incorrect to translate it in this manner, there are many reasons to stay with the standard meaning of the Greek word “καὶ” to mean “and” or “also”, which is far more commonplace.

Looking at the context of Paul’s letter to the Galatians, he is stressing that there is no need for gentile believers to be circumcised or to follow the Law of Moses, but that salvation is through Yeshua alone, for both Jew and gentile. However, this doesn’t mean that Paul sees no distinction between Jew and gentile, as a cursory look through the rest of his epistles will quickly show you. There is no male or female, he says – and by this he means that both men and women have the same status through Yeshua. But of course there remains a distinction in other ways. Similarly, Paul talks of both the church and of Israel as separate entities many times. They do not blur into one, and there is no evidence that the early church blended the two until 160 AD.

Bible scholar, Dr. Arnold Fruchtenbaum, writes that people who would claim that Israel means the church “must ignore the primary meaning of kai which separates the two groups in the verse in order to make them both the same group”[1], and Dr. S. Lewis Johnson, who taught Greek and New Testament Exegesis at Dallas Theological Seminary, believes that, “the least likely view among several alternatives is the view that the ‘Israel of God’ is the church.”[2]

For centuries, it did not dawn on Bible scholars that the term Israel could possibly truly refer to the actual nation of Israel, or at least the many thousands of Israelites who were “of God”, and they superimposed their understanding that the Church had replaced it."

Anonymous said...

& lastly says
"In some ways, it is true that the nation of Israel is a “type” of church… a foreshadowing of God’s people both Jew and Gentile together. We can see in the language of Paul throughout the epistles that he seeks to encourage Gentile believers to know that they are just as much “God’s people” as the Israelites have always been, and that they matter no less to him. He deliberately draws parallels with Israel and the new Gentile followers of the Way, showing the similarities. But we also know that Moses was a “type” of Messiah, sent to save the Jewish people, and in no way would we say that he is the same thing as Yeshua Himself. In fact, we see the two standing together on the Mount of Transfiguration! One does not replace the other, even if one foreshadows the other in a typological manner. Similarly, in Revelation, we see the tribes of Israel together with every nation, tribe and tongue, worshiping God at the end of time. Israel is Israel, right until the end.

God has no favorites, but He does have a plan. To fudge the distinction between Israel and the Church means that we can miss so much when we read the Scriptures. God wants us to know Him better, to share His heart for Israel, and to understand His plans for Israel in relation to the whole world. He wants us to continually grow in our understanding of His purposes, redeeming all creation to Himself. Seeing Israel as meaning “Israel” when we read the Bible brings a whole new level of revelation about our wonderful God and how He is unfolding His perfect plan for all of us."

READ MORE:
https://www.oneforisrael.org/bible-based-teaching-from-israel/replacement-theology-undone-by-one-greek-word/
~~~~~~~
"Replacement Theology and the Epistle of I Peter"
Dr. Arnold Fruchtenbaum
http://www.pre-trib.org/data/pdf/Fruchtenbaum-ReplacementTheologya.pdf
~~~~~~~
REPLACEMENT PRETERISTS
https://amos37.com/replacement-preterists/
~~~~~~~
Video: "Is The Church The Fulfillment Of Israel? Replacement Theology" - Jack Hibbs, Paul Wilkinson
https://youtu.be/oyAACYnUZ6w
~~~~~~~

Anonymous said...

Anyone can go on the website
web.archive.org and type in the website http://christianactionforisrael.org on the search bar click on
"Calendar" and go to the snapshot for February 10, 2010 click on it , many good articles in Support of Israel and Christian Zionism appear

Anonymous said...

On Facebook a Christian said
on December 1, 2022
“Anti-Semitism of any kind is demonic and despicable. I’ve seen this topic being more widely discussed as of late due to ignorant celebrities and media personalities saying things that are blatantly wrong to say about Jewish people. How in the world did this demon crawl back out of hell!? As a pastor, and a Christian I believe it’s important to rebuke this kind of rhetoric because it’s of a satanic origin.

The Bible says that Jesus Christ is of Jewish descent (Romans 9:5)! To be against Jewish people is to be against the very people God chose to bring forth our Messiah! Over the past 100 years Christians and Jews have made a lot of progress in their relationship with one another and we must continue to work hard to make this an abiding reality. The Bible says “All of Israel shall be saved (Romans 11:26),” the Apostle Paul loved Jewish people so deeply that he desired to give his life up for their salvation (Romans 9:3)! As Christians we are called to reject all forms of hatred and racism, especially anti-Semitism. God told Abraham “I will bless those who bless you, and those who curse you I will curse (Genesis 12:3).”

Anonymous said...

withallwisdom.org has an article headlined
"Real Christians Love Israel"
by Cliff McManis March 12, 2021

Anonymous said...


thinkingonscripture.com has an article headlined
"God Loves Israel" by Steven R. Cook
Jan 15, 2023

Anonymous said...

www.jewishvoice.org has an article headlined
"God's Love for Israel"
Feb 2, 2022 This article explains how Both Old & New Testaments demonstrate God's Love for Israel & The Jewish people

Anonymous said...


www.biblword.net has an article headlined
"Does God love Israel?"
Mar 21, 2022 by Marten Visser

Anonymous said...

biblical-christianity.com has an article headlined
"BLESS ISRAEL AND BE BLESSED"
By Alice A. Anacioco | April 23, 2019

Anonymous said...

change.millionvoices.org has an article headlined
"God Loves Israel (And So Should We)"

Anonymous said...

www.bibleguidance.co.za has an article headlined
"GOD'S LOVE FOR ISRAEL" by
Johan Malan

Anonymous said...

laymansbible.wordpress.com has an article headlined
"God's Love for Israel"
April 27, 2019

Anonymous said...

www.jesus-is-lord.com has an article headlined
"Crazy people put down the Jewish people"

Anonymous said...

c4israel.org has a 3 part article headlined
"The Love for Israel" by
Rev Willem J.J. Glashouwer - Part 1 is dated September 1, 2020

Anonymous said...


archive.askdrbrown.org has an article headlined
"The Sickening Nature of Anti-Israel Hatred" on
January 9, 2017 by
Michael L. Brown

Anonymous said...

www1.cbn.com has an article headlined
"Pat Robertson: Why Evangelicals Support Israel"
May 23, 2017 by Pat Robertson

Anonymous said...

icejusa.org has a 5 part series of articles by Dr. Susan Michael headlined
"Why Christians Support Israel"
starting on May 3, 2022
Part 1, Personal Reasons
Part 2, Practical Reasons
Part 3, Moral Reasons
Part 4, Legal Reasons
Part 5, Biblical Reasons

Anonymous said...

icej.org has an article headlined
"Ten Reasons to Support Israel"
by Dr. Jürgen Bühler

Anonymous said...

theologymatters.com has an article headlined
"Arguing From Evidence: Why Support Israel?"
by ALAN F. H. WISDOM
MARCH 29, 2013 About why it is important to Support Israel , this article has some inaccuracies, but it says why it's important to Support Israel

Anonymous said...

cfoic.com has an article headlined
"Why Support Israel?"

Anonymous said...

Another good book is titled
"TEN REASONS Why Christians Should Support Israel and Bless the Jewish People"
by Richard Booker

Anonymous said...

blogs.timesofisrael.com has an article by Non-Jewish writer
Fred Maroun headlined
"The Nobel peace prize of 2021 should go to Israel" on
SEP 11, 2020,

Anonymous said...

A good pdf article to read is from
open.uct.ac.za
thesis_hum_2008_carstens_j.pdf
by JE Carstens · 2008

Anonymous said...

www.christianpost.com has an article headlined
"Is God Finished With Israel?"
By Michael Brown on
WEDNESDAY, MAY 16, 2018 about how God is NOT finished with Israel
Another good Pro-Israel website is jtf.org , Jewish Task Force by
Chaim Ben Pesach , jtf.org is for All Christians, Jews and other people who Support Israel

Anonymous said...

bethelbaptistchurchok.org has an article headlined
"Is God finished with Israel?" by
Royce Smith on November 22, 2019 about why God is Not finished with Israel

Anonymous said...

www.christianwitnessministries.com.au has an article headlined
"The Church at Christ's Checkpoint" on August 1, 2012 about the LIES and Hate of those who support "Palestinians" over Israel

Anonymous said...

oneforisrael.org has an article headlined
"DOES ISRAEL IN THE BIBLE REALLY MEAN ISRAEL?"
- MAY 30, 2016 A good article refuting Replacement Theology

Anonymous said...

digitalcommons.liberty.edu has an article headlined
"Is Modern Israel Fulfilling Prophecy? "
by Thomas Ice 2009

Anonymous said...

icej.org has an article headlined
"The Restoration of Israel"
by David Parsons

Anonymous said...

juicyecumenism.com has a good article headlined
"Why I changed my mind on the people and land of Israel" by
Gerald R. McDermott on October 18, 2018

Anonymous said...

God 1st Bible Fellowship
www.god1st.org has an article headlined
"Significance of Israel in Bible Prophecy" by
Brian C. Thomas

Anonymous said...

israelanswers.com has an article headlined
"CHRISTIAN ZIONIST HALL OF FAME"

Anonymous said...

haventoday.org has an article headlined
"Why does the devil hate Jews?"
Charles Morris • October 30, 2018

Anonymous said...

jerusalemprayerteam.org has an article headlined
"The Battle Between Light and Darkness" on
Feb 10, 2021

Anonymous said...

digitalcommons.denison.edu has an article headlined
"The Passion of the Christ as The Passion of the Condemnation"
by Aaron Bestic · 2005 about the Mel Gibson film
"The Passion of the Christ" and how it relates to
Anti-Semitism

Anonymous said...

christiancitizen.us has an article headlined
"A Christian response to anti-Semitism"
by Daniel Headrick
June 10, 2019

Anonymous said...

www.israeltoday.co.il has an article headlined
"Can a Christian Hate the Jews?"
Aug 15, 2019 by
David Lazarus about how
Anti-Semitism is Evil

Anonymous said...

cbnisrael.org has an article headlined
"Jesus’ Overlooked Statement That Could Have Changed Jewish History"
POSTED ON NOVEMBER 5, 2020
by Arlene Bridges Samuels

Anonymous said...

truthandtidings.com has an article headlined
"Why I Am Not Reformed (2): Israel & The Church" by
Matthew Cain

Anonymous said...

rapturenotes.com has an article headlined
"Why Does Satan Hate Israel?"
by Stephen Yulish

Anonymous said...

patheos.com has an article headlined
"Why Are The Jewish People and Israel Hated By So Many?"
JUNE 24, 2016 BY JACK WELLMAN

Anonymous said...

A good book worth reading is
"Unlocking the Prophetic Mysteries of Israel: 7 Keys to Understanding Israel's Role in the End-Times" by
Jonathan Bernis

Anonymous said...

Also by Jonathan Bernis another book is titled
"A Rabbi Looks at the Last Days: Surprising Insights on Israel, the End Times and Popular Misconceptions"

Anonymous said...

www.hebrewcatholic.net has an article headlined
"What is Replacement Theology?"
by Ariel ben Ami on March 2, 2015 about how Replacement Theology is False

Ed. This article appeared in The Hebrew Catholic, #92, Spring 2014. All rights are reserved.

Anonymous said...

tms.edu has an article headlined
"VARIOUS FORMS OF REPLACEMENT THEOLOGY"
by MJ Vlach

Anonymous said...

cccorpus.org has a good pdf article headlined
"What is replacement theology?" About how Replacement Theology is False

Anonymous said...

www.unjppi.org has a pdf article headlined
"Replacement Theology" by
Rev Brian D. Warner

Anonymous said...

centerforisrael.com has a good article headlined
"THE JEWISH FOUNDATION OF CHRISTIANITY" and another good article headlined simply
"Replacement Theology"

Anonymous said...

thedekrakenatordaily.com has an article on April 2, 2022 headlined
"Israel's Relevance or Irrelevance"

Anonymous said...

passagesisrael.org has a pdf article headlined
"What is Supersessionism? Is it Biblical?"

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